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Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime - C++

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Whiteha
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27.10.2011, 15:44     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime #1
Собственно в название темы и есть вопрос - почему данный фрагмент выводит год равным не 2011, не 11, а 111? Как сделать что бы tm_year содержала год 2011 без извращенских костылей?
C++
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#include <iostream>
#include <time.h>
#include <stdio.h>
        int YY;
int main()
{
    time_t t2;
    tm *t1;
    time(&t2);
    t1 = localtime(&t2);
     /* Костыль
     char ch[4], c[3];
     ch[3] = '\0';
     c[2] = '\0';
     itoa(t1->tm_year, ch, 10);
     c[0] = ch[1];
     c[1] = ch[2];
     YY = atoi(c);
     */
      YY = t1->tm_year;
      printf("%d:%d:%d %d.%d.%d\n", t1->tm_hour, t1->tm_min, t1->tm_sec, t1->tm_mday, t1->tm_mon + 1, YY);
      system("pause");
}
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Nameless One
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27.10.2011, 15:54     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime #2
Whiteha, используй
strftime
Код
STRFTIME(3)                              Linux Programmer's Manual                              STRFTIME(3)



NAME
       strftime - format date and time

SYNOPSIS
       #include <time.h>

       size_t strftime(char *s, size_t max, const char *format,
                       const struct tm *tm);

DESCRIPTION
       The strftime() function formats the broken-down time tm according to the format specification format
       and places the result in the character array s of size max.

       The format specification is a null-terminated string and may  contain  special  character  sequences
       called  conversion  specifications, each of which is introduced by a '%' character and terminated by
       some other character known as a conversion specifier character.  All other character  sequences  are
       ordinary character sequences.

       The  characters  of  ordinary character sequences (including the null byte) are copied verbatim from
       format to s. However, the characters of conversion specifications are replaced as follows:

       %a     The abbreviated weekday name according to the current locale.

       %A     The full weekday name according to the current locale.

       %b     The abbreviated month name according to the current locale.

       %B     The full month name according to the current locale.

       %c     The preferred date and time representation for the current locale.

       %C     The century number (year/100) as a 2-digit integer. (SU)

       %d     The day of the month as a decimal number (range 01 to 31).

       %D     Equivalent to %m/%d/%y.  (Yecch — for Americans only.  Americans should note  that  in  other
              countries %d/%m/%y is rather common.  This means that in international context this format is
              ambiguous and should not be used.) (SU)

       %e     Like %d, the day of the month as a decimal number, but a leading zero is replaced by a space.
              (SU)

       %E     Modifier: use alternative format, see below. (SU)

       %F     Equivalent to %Y-%m-%d (the ISO 8601 date format). (C99)

       %G     The  ISO 8601 week-based year (see NOTES) with century as a decimal number.  The 4-digit year
              corresponding to the ISO week number (see %V).  This has the same format  and  value  as  %Y,
              except  that  if  the ISO week number belongs to the previous or next year, that year is used
              instead. (TZ)

       %g     Like %G, but without century, that is, with a 2-digit year (00-99). (TZ)

       %h     Equivalent to %b.  (SU)

       %H     The hour as a decimal number using a 24-hour clock (range 00 to 23).

       %I     The hour as a decimal number using a 12-hour clock (range 01 to 12).

       %j     The day of the year as a decimal number (range 001 to 366).

       %k     The hour (24-hour clock) as a decimal number (range 0 to 23); single digits are preceded by a
              blank.  (See also %H.)  (TZ)

       %l     The hour (12-hour clock) as a decimal number (range 1 to 12); single digits are preceded by a
              blank.  (See also %I.)  (TZ)

       %m     The month as a decimal number (range 01 to 12).

       %M     The minute as a decimal number (range 00 to 59).

       %n     A newline character. (SU)

       %O     Modifier: use alternative format, see below. (SU)

       %p     Either "AM" or "PM" according to the given time value, or the corresponding strings  for  the
              current locale.  Noon is treated as "PM" and midnight as "AM".

       %P     Like  %p  but  in  lowercase:  "am" or "pm" or a corresponding string for the current locale.
              (GNU)

       %r     The time in a.m. or p.m. notation.  In the POSIX locale this is equivalent  to  %I:%M:%S  %p.
              (SU)

       %R     The time in 24-hour notation (%H:%M). (SU) For a version including the seconds, see %T below.

       %s     The number of seconds since the Epoch, 1970-01-01 00:00:00 +0000 (UTC). (TZ)

       %S     The  second  as a decimal number (range 00 to 60).  (The range is up to 60 to allow for occa‐
              sional leap seconds.)

       %t     A tab character. (SU)

       %T     The time in 24-hour notation (%H:%M:%S). (SU)

       %u     The day of the week as a decimal, range 1 to 7, Monday being 1.  See also %w.  (SU)

       %U     The week number of the current year as a decimal number, range 00 to 53,  starting  with  the
              first Sunday as the first day of week 01.  See also %V and %W.

       %V     The ISO 8601 week number (see NOTES) of the current year as a decimal number, range 01 to 53,
              where week 1 is the first week that has at least 4 days in the new year.  See also %U and %W.
              (SU)

       %w     The day of the week as a decimal, range 0 to 6, Sunday being 0.  See also %u.

       %W     The  week  number  of the current year as a decimal number, range 00 to 53, starting with the
              first Monday as the first day of week 01.

       %x     The preferred date representation for the current locale without the time.

       %X     The preferred time representation for the current locale without the date.

       %y     The year as a decimal number without a century (range 00 to 99).

       %Y     The year as a decimal number including the century.

       %z     The +hhmm or -hhmm numeric timezone (that is, the hour and minute offset from UTC). (SU)

       %Z     The timezone or name or abbreviation.

       %+     The date and time in date(1) format. (TZ) (Not supported in glibc2.)

       %%     A literal '%' character.

       Some conversion specifications can be modified by preceding the conversion  specifier  character  by
       the  E or O modifier to indicate that an alternative format should be used.  If the alternative for‐
       mat or specification does not exist for the current locale, the behavior will be as if  the  unmodi‐
       fied  conversion specification were used. (SU) The Single UNIX Specification mentions %Ec, %EC, %Ex,
       %EX, %Ey, %EY, %Od, %Oe, %OH, %OI, %Om, %OM, %OS, %Ou, %OU, %OV, %Ow, %OW, %Oy, where the effect  of
       the  O modifier is to use alternative numeric symbols (say, roman numerals), and that of the E modi‐
       fier is to use a locale-dependent alternative representation.

       The broken-down time structure tm is defined in <time.h>.  See also ctime(3).

RETURN VALUE
       The strftime() function returns the number of characters placed in the array s,  not  including  the
       terminating  null  byte, provided the string, including the terminating null byte, fits.  Otherwise,
       it returns 0, and the contents of the array is undefined.  (This behavior  applies  since  at  least
       libc  4.4.4;  very  old  versions of libc, such as libc 4.4.1, would return max if the array was too
       small.)

       Note that the return value 0 does not necessarily indicate an error; for example, in many locales %p
       yields an empty string.

ENVIRONMENT
       The environment variables TZ and LC_TIME are used.

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4,  C89,  C99.   There  are  strict  inclusions  between  the  set of conversions given in ANSI C
       (unmarked), those given in the Single UNIX Specification (marked SU), those given in  Olson's  time‐
       zone  package (marked TZ), and those given in glibc (marked GNU), except that %+ is not supported in
       glibc2.  On the other hand glibc2 has several more extensions.   POSIX.1  only  refers  to  ANSI  C;
       POSIX.2  describes  under date(1) several extensions that could apply to strftime() as well.  The %F
       conversion is in C99 and POSIX.1-2001.

       In SUSv2, the %S specifier allowed a range of 00 to 61, to allow for the theoretical possibility  of
       a minute that included a double leap second (there never has been such a minute).

NOTES
   ISO 8601 Week Dates
       %G,  %g,  and  %V yield values calculated from the week-based year defined by the ISO 8601 standard.
       In this system, weeks start on a Monday, and are numbered from 01, for the first week, up to  52  or
       53,  for  the  last week.  Week 1 is the first week where four or more days fall within the new year
       (or, synonymously, week 01 is: the first week of the year that contains a  Thursday;  or,  the  week
       that has 4 January in it).  When three of fewer days of the first calendar week of the new year fall
       within that year, then the ISO 8601 week-based system counts those days as part of week  53  of  the
       preceding  year.  For example, 1 January 2010 is a Friday, meaning that just three days of that cal‐
       endar week fall in 2010.  Thus, the ISO 8601 week-based system considers these days to  be  part  of
       week 53 (%V) of the year 2009 (%G) ; week 01 of ISO 8601 year 2010 starts on Monday, 4 January 2010.

   Glibc Notes
       Glibc  provides  some extensions for conversion specifications.  (These extensions are not specified
       in POSIX.1-2001, but a few other systems provide similar features.)  Between the '%'  character  and
       the  conversion specifier character, an optional flag and field width may be specified.  (These pre‐
       cede the E or O modifiers, if present.)

       The following flag characters are permitted:

       _      (underscore) Pad a numeric result string with spaces.

       -      (dash) Do not pad a numeric result string.

       0      Pad a numeric result string with zeros even if the conversion specifier character uses space-
              padding by default.

       ^      Convert alphabetic characters in result string to upper case.

       #      Swap  the case of the result string.  (This flag only works with certain conversion specifier
              characters, and of these, it is only really useful with %Z.)

       An optional decimal width specifier may follow the (possibly absent) flag.  If the natural  size  of
       the  field  is smaller than this width, then the result string is padded (on the left) to the speci‐
       fied width.

BUGS
       Some buggy versions of gcc(1) complain about the use of %c: warning: `%c' yields only last 2  digits
       of  year  in  some  locales.  Of course programmers are encouraged to use %c, it gives the preferred
       date and time representation.  One meets all kinds of strange obfuscations to circumvent this gcc(1)
       problem.  A relatively clean one is to add an intermediate function

           size_t
           my_strftime(char *s, size_t max, const char *fmt,
                       const struct tm *tm)
           {
               return strftime(s, max, fmt, tm);
           }

       Nowadays, gcc(1) provides the -Wno-format-y2k option to prevent the warning, so that the above work‐
       around is no longer required.

EXAMPLES
       RFC 2822-compliant date format (with an English locale for %a and %b)

         "%a, %d %b %Y %T %z"

       RFC 822-compliant date format (with an English locale for %a and %b)

         "%a, %d %b %y %T %z"

   Example Program
       The program below can be used to experiment with strftime().

       Some examples of the result string produced by the glibc implementation of strftime()  are  as  fol‐
       lows:

           $ ./a.out '%m'
           Result string is "11"
           $ ./a.out '%5m'
           Result string is "00011"
           $ ./a.out '%_5m'
           Result string is "   11"

       Here's the program source:

       #include <time.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           char outstr[200];
           time_t t;
           struct tm *tmp;

           t = time(NULL);
           tmp = localtime(&t);
           if (tmp == NULL) {
               perror("localtime");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           if (strftime(outstr, sizeof(outstr), argv[1], tmp) == 0) {
               fprintf(stderr, "strftime returned 0");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           printf("Result string is \"%s\"\n", outstr);
           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       date(1), time(2), ctime(3), setlocale(3), sprintf(3), strptime(3)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.32 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the project, and
       information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU                                              2010-01-17                                     STRFTIME(3)


А tm_year показывает число лет, прошедших с 1900 года
-=ЮрА=-
Заблокирован
Автор FAQ
27.10.2011, 15:59     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime #3
Цитата Сообщение от Whiteha Посмотреть сообщение
Собственно в название темы и есть вопрос - почему данный фрагмент выводит год равным не 2011, не 11, а 111? Как сделать что бы tm_year содержала год 2011 без извращенских костылей?
- Вот так запиши 1900 + t1->tm_year
C
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#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>//system
#include <time.h>
      
int main()
{
    time_t t2;
    time(&t2);
    tm * t1 = localtime(&t2);
    printf("%d:%d:%d %d.%d.%d\n", 
        t1->tm_hour, 
        t1->tm_min, 
        t1->tm_sec, 
 
        t1->tm_mday, 
        t1->tm_mon + 1, 
        1900 + t1->tm_year );
    system("pause");
    return 0;
}
Миниатюры
Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime  
-=ЮрА=-
27.10.2011, 16:02
  #4

Не по теме:

Nameless One, думаю проще довести до всех что tm -> year возвращает год от 1900 а функция time возвращает число секунд прошедшее если мне не изменяет память с 1 января 1970 года...

Whiteha
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27.10.2011, 16:02  [ТС]     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime #5
Ок, пасибо...
ForEveR
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27.10.2011, 16:03     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime #6
Whiteha, 2011 - 1900?
-=ЮрА=-
Заблокирован
Автор FAQ
27.10.2011, 16:05     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime #7
Цитата Сообщение от Whiteha Посмотреть сообщение
но мне интересно разобраться откуда берётся 111, хотелось бы по этому вопросу пояснение...
уже написал же 2011 - 1900 = 111!

Не по теме:

PS:
Whiteha, не обижайся за - иногда вопросы повергают в уныние

MoreAnswers
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27.10.2011, 16:07     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime
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Whiteha
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27.10.2011, 16:07  [ТС]     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime #8
Я прочитал только когда сообщение отправил, а удалить уже не мог)
Всё понял, спасибо ещё раз за оперативность.
Yandex
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27.10.2011, 16:07     Непонятный формат года в tm инициализированной localtime
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